October 22, 1970 - General Rene
Schneider Chereau, commander in chief of the army, was attacked and
fatally wounded in a CIA-supported coup attempt by right-wing extremists
hoping to block the election of Salvador Allende.
October 24 - Allende was elected by a joint session of the Congress,
by a vote of 153-35.
November 12 - Reestablisment of diplomatic relations with Cuba, the
first step in Alende's policy of rapprochements with the Communist countries.
Allende was the first overt Marxist popularly elected in an American
state. His government called for the expropriation of large foreign
companies and financial, commercial, and inudstrial monopolies. He also
planned to redistribute all landholdings over 80 hectares.
1971-73 - During his 1,000 days in power, President Allende introduced
far-reaching social and economic reforms. An initial price and wage
freeze, along with massive public spending in housing, sanitation, and
health, led to a short-run boom in consumer spending and income redistribution.
Highly popular throuh 1971, even among middle-class groups, Allende
nationalized copper, coal, and stell production, and most private banks.
Workers in some cases occupied their firms, refusing to leave until
expropriation was announced. Factories, such as Yarur textile works,
were turned into cooperatives with or without government approval. Pressures
mounted from the Left in the UP and the rural sector (where peasants
took over land on their own) for more rapid reform. By 1972 the latifunda
system (large agricultural estates with low productivity) had been dismantled,
but under the reform, agricultural production had decline by 29 percent.
By 1973 the government had lost control of the reform in many areas.
At the same time, opposition on the Right and Cener was growing. Runaway
inflation (300 percent by 1973), widespread strikes, disinvestment,
sabotage, and protests were destroying the economy. CIA initiatives
also helped cause serious problems for the regime by 1973. The U.S.
stopped the flow of needed spare parts and supplies and cut off aid
and loans to the government (destabilization), while still funding the
July 16, 1971 - Congress unanimously approved the expropriation of the
foreign-owned copper mines. Although allowing for compensation, Allende
later claimed that excess profits earned by Anaconda and Knecott denied
them the right to recompense. The firms protested the ruling and called
for retaliatory measures.
March 1972 - Press reports revealed joint plans on the part of International
Telephone and Telegraph and the U.S. government to overthrow the Chilean
October - A CIA-subsidized truck drivers' strike developed into a full-scale
lockout by capitalists trying to pressure the regime into reversing
June 29, 1973 - With the backing of the U.S., dissatisfied elements
of the military launched an abortive coup attempt.
July 26 - In a renewed right-wing offensive, private truckers launched
a strike. In the following weeks business and professional groups formed
a "civic front" calling for Allende's oveerthrow. Meanwhile,
factory occupations and mass demonstrations (calling for the arming
of workers) continued as the country moved to the brink of civil war.
September 11 - President Allende overthrown in U.S.-backed military
coup. Anti-Allende forces claimed he had committed suicide during the
siege of the presidential palace. General Augusto Pinochet (born 1915)
emerged as head of a four-man junta. In the next month perhaps as many
as 30,000 dissidents were rounded up and tortured, and approximately
2,000 were murdered. Political parties and labor unions were banned,
and Pinochet moved quickly to adopt a free market strategy to "regenerate"
the Chilean economy and society.
1973-78 - Under a declared state of siege, Pincohet ruled the country
with a mix of terror and radical free market ideology. Pinochet established
a secret police, the National Intelligence Directorate (DINA), which
used national information networks and concentration camps to implement
its terror. The economy was put under the control of the "Chicago
boys," free market economists trained under Milton Friedman at
the University of Chicago. They applied a "shock treatment"
to the economy, which, after lowering wages and reducing the GNP, did
lead to growth rates of about 8 percent between 1977 and 1980. The recovery
was fueled by massive loans from abroad.
December 1974 - Pinochet assumed the presidency.
As a director and his crew shoot a controversial
film about Christopher Columbus in Cochabamba, Bolivia, local people
rise up against plans to privatize the water supply. While filming,
it becomes apparent that the events that occured during the American
Holocaust were so horrendous and inhumane that they are often too
difficult to imagine.The film masterfully
illustrates the fact that 519 years later, indigenous people still
endure oppression at the hands of the european invaders proving that
only time separates the 16th century european invaders from their
Watch the movie, leave a comment
Academia Semillas del Pueblo
"If Brown (vs. Board
of Education) was just about letting Black people into a White
school, well we don’t care about that anymore. We don’t
necessarily want to go to White schools. What we want to do is
teach ourselves, teach our children the way we have of teaching.
We don’t want to drink from a White water fountain...We
don’t need a White water fountain. So the whole issue of
segregation and the whole issue of the Civil Rights Movement is
all within the box of White culture and White supremacy. We should
not still be fighting for what they have. We are not interested
in what they have because we have so much more and because the
world is so much larger. And ultimately the White way, the American
way, the neo liberal, capitalist way of life will eventually lead
to our own destruction. And so it isn’t about an argument
of joining neo liberalism, it’s about us being able, as
human beings, to surpass the barrier."
- Marcos Aguilar (Principal,
Academia Semillas del Pueblo)