This video clip if from a Discovery
Channel episode titled "Aztec Temple of Blood." It shows several
anthropologists as they recreate Mexica weapons such as the macahuitl,
sling, and shield. It proves that Mexica weaponry was not inferior to
Spanish weaponry by any means.
The Mexica were able to conquer many city-states in Mexico reaching
from Lake Texcoco to modern-day Central America.
The Mexica emperor was the general
of the army and led warriors in battle. After conquering a city-state,
the Mexica allowed the rulers of that city-state to continue to rule
in exchange for allegiance to the Empire in the form of tribute. In
this way, the Mexica warriors could leave the city-state and continue
conquering others. Because there was not a strong Mexica presence in
the city-states after they had been conquered, the Mexica military relied
on the perception of power. The Mexica had to convince conquered city-states
that they were very powerful and could return to the city-state and
destroy the city again if necessary. This led to a situation where the
Mexica were constantly at war in order to show how powerful they were.
They also invited rulers from conquered city-states to sacrificial ceremonies
where they could witness the best warriors of Mexico, who had been captured
in battle, getting sacrificed to Huitzilopochtli.
The atlatl was a weapon used to
accurately throw spears. The atlatl was used because it could throw
a spear more accurately and much further than a person could throw a
spear by hand. The atlatl was considered to be a weapon used by the
gods and was thus considered to be very important. The spears were tipped
with sharpened obsidian, fishbone, copper, and stone. Some spears were
barbed, two-pronged, and three-pronged. A spear thrown by an atlatl
could penetrate metal armor and could be thrown 250 feet.
Bow and arrow
Mexica arrows were tipped with
obsidian which made the arrow 3 times as effective as a steel tip. An
arrow could be shot with a bow up to 600 feet. An arrow could penetrate
a double thickness of well quilted cotton armor. Arrows were lit on
fire in order to burn down buildings.
The Mexica also had slings which
were used to hurl stones at the enemy. The stones used were rounded
by hand and could be hurled 660 feet. By rounding the stone, the Mexica
increased their power and they were effective against steel armored
targets. Stones could be heated which increasing their penetrating power.
The Mexica sword was called a
macahuitl. Sword was made of oak and had obsidian blades fitted and
glued into grooves along both edges. The sword could be used in a powerful
downward slash and was very effective in cutting flesh due to the sharpness
of the obsidian blades. It has been noted that the Mexica sword could
cut off the head of a horse with a single blow.
Mexica shields were made of various
materials including animal hide, palm leaves, woven cane, wood, and
cotton. Shields were covered with painted hide feathers, gold, and silver
and were decorated with different images including gods and animals.
The Mexica used quilted cotton
armor so thick that neither an arrow or atlatl spear could get through
it. The armor covered the torso, legs, and arms. The higher military
ranks wore feathers over their armor and some warriors wore jaguar skins
over the armor.
Mexica helmets were made of wood
and bone and were decorated with feathers. Many helmets were made out
of the heads of wolves, jaguars, and pumas with the warrior able to
see out of the animal’s opened jaw.
Here is a great website
which shows you step by step how to to make a Macuahuitl:
As a director and his crew shoot a controversial
film about Christopher Columbus in Cochabamba, Bolivia, local people
rise up against plans to privatize the water supply. While filming,
it becomes apparent that the events that occured during the American
Holocaust were so horrendous and inhumane that they are often too
difficult to imagine.The film masterfully
illustrates the fact that 519 years later, indigenous people still
endure oppression at the hands of the european invaders proving that
only time separates the 16th century european invaders from their
Watch the movie, leave a comment
Academia Semillas del Pueblo
"If Brown (vs. Board
of Education) was just about letting Black people into a White
school, well we don’t care about that anymore. We don’t
necessarily want to go to White schools. What we want to do is
teach ourselves, teach our children the way we have of teaching.
We don’t want to drink from a White water fountain...We
don’t need a White water fountain. So the whole issue of
segregation and the whole issue of the Civil Rights Movement is
all within the box of White culture and White supremacy. We should
not still be fighting for what they have. We are not interested
in what they have because we have so much more and because the
world is so much larger. And ultimately the White way, the American
way, the neo liberal, capitalist way of life will eventually lead
to our own destruction. And so it isn’t about an argument
of joining neo liberalism, it’s about us being able, as
human beings, to surpass the barrier."
- Marcos Aguilar (Principal,
Academia Semillas del Pueblo)